Evidence Solutions, Inc. Our team of Elite Experts, with decades of experience, can help you discover data, analyze, present, and provide expertise for your company. We are here to help support you with information that you can use to answer questions, solve Global Forensic Services, LLC is a forensic laboratory, as well as a consulting and private investigative team offering more than 35 years of experience and training in a wide range of forensic disciplines and investigative strategies. Experts in ink dating, questioned documents, handwriting, corporate security, crime Jeff Rothbart is a seasoned real estate executive with more than 17 years of direct experience in all aspects of commercial and residential real estate. Generally, Mr. Lyter provides consultation, examination, training, research and testimony in matters of forensic science, including ink and paper analysis, trace evidence, and questioned document examination. Qualified trace evidence areas include fire debris, explosives, paint, hair, fibers, glass, and wood.
Ink and Paper Analysis / Trace Evidence / Questioned Document Examination
Someone trying to sell a baseball allegedly signed by Babe Ruth in the early s, or pass off documents as older than they really are, is up against a serious foe: The United States Secret Service. You might know that the Secret Service is on guard against counterfeit currency. You might not know, however, that it also keeps a one-of-a-kind International Ink Library with more than 11, specific writing ink fingerprints on hand.
The ink library handles a variety of cases, from threat letters — the Secret Service protects not only the President but also other high-profile government officials — and ransom letters, baseballs, and phony documents where someone is “trying to obscure the truth in some way,” says Joseph Stephens, ink library document analyst. Want to cover up insider trading by adding information to a stock worksheet after the fact?
Then you should have used the same exact pen as the original, since the FBI and the Secret Service have teamed up to crack those kinds of cases simply through ink analysis.
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Document Examination Expert Witnesses
Many writers, particularly those who write well and freely, are from time to time making slight but persistent changes in their handwriting. These changes are usually few in number compared with all the characteristics of the writing and do not change the general style, but often are sufficient, with adequate material for comparison, to show conclusively that a writing was made before or after a certain definite time. An interval of five years or even less, under certain health or changed business conditions, may show a number of permanent and significant changes.
Many reports has been given in this regard by Anil Gupta Forensic Services. An entirely new approach was made in a case, where date of signature on a typed letter dt.
A handwriting expert talks to Fortune about how tests on the Queen of to examine the document is telling, as his specialty is in dating inks.
Document Examination Experts. Forged, altered or counterfeit documents. Checks, Wills, Deeds, Legal Contracts. Insurance Records. Court Documents. Computer-printed or Typewritten Documents. Photocopied or Facsimile Documents. Latent Impressions. Signature Comparison. Anonymous Writing. Writer Identification or Elimination.
Records Review to Determine Legitimacy.
But this technique is also able to overcome other stumbling blocks relating to the amount of ink deposited when writing and the type of paper used, as these variables hamper the dating of a document by means of traditional methods. What is more, the new technique reduces the number of punctures needed to analyse the writing on a document to just one. Determining the age of a document to find out whether it is authentic is a task influenced by the type of paper on which it has been written, the pressure of the stroke -the amount of ink deposited when the writing was done- or even the technique used.
Until now, document dating methods have been able to indicate whether the writing was relatively new less than 90 days or older over two years , yet this chronological accuracy is insufficient in certain cases, above all in judicial ones. Each document was produced at different moments using a different ink stroke pressure, factors that may alter the results and lead to dating errors. During the natural ageing process of each sample, which had a known age, the research team analysed the evolution in the various volatile components.
What do you think a forensic document examiner can do? Paper and Ink Specialists — date, type, source, and/or catalogue various types of paper, watermarks.
The scientific examination of documents has been an integral part of forensic science for almost a hundred years and many of the techniques developed over that period are still in use today. However, time does not stand still. The technology used to produce documents continues to evolve; the methods used to produce forgeries are ever more sophisticated; the expectations of lawyers and Courts are yet more demanding. But forensic science is not sitting on its hands either —advances in techniques and technology mean that the forensic document examiner is fighting back.
Document examiners are trained scientists. This means that they are trained in scientific method and objectivity, in assessing evidence and drawing conclusions. A good forensic document examiner is expected to hold a University Degree in a basic science — these individuals invest in their training. They have trained alongside forensic scientists and in established forensic science laboratories. They can demonstrate their continued education, having a record of attending meetings, producing research papers and refereeing journals.
Very importantly, any forensic document examiner you wish to employ should have invested in equipment and laboratory facilities. Wrongly, there is a perception that the forensic examination of documents, and particularly handwriting, is something which anybody can carry out on their kitchen table. No — forensic document examination takes place in a properly equipped forensic document laboratory.
Forensic Document Examination
Enter your mobile number or email address below and we’ll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer – no Kindle device required. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. During his career, Brunelle published approximately 50 scientific publications, including a textbook on the Forensic Examination of Ink and Paper, a chapter in a Handbook of Forensic Sciences, and a chapter in an Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences.
He was the recipient of the John A. Dondero Memorial Award, presented to him by the International Association for Identification for developing the first capability in the United States for dating inks.
Forensic science has become valuable in contemporary times due largely to the and Ink specialists who use chemical and other methods to identify and date.
In this article, forensic document examiner, Mark Songer provides an overview of forensic document examination. Topics discussed include training and qualifications for forensic document examiners as well as the various methods used to exam differing projects, such as signatures, checks, computer and type generated documents, as well as obliterated writing.
Forensic Document Examination FDE is a forensic science discipline in which expert examiners evaluate documents disputed in the legal system. Questioned document examinations involve a comparison of the document, or aspects of the document, to a set of known standards i. The goal of the forensic document examiner is to systematically evaluate the attributes and characteristics of a document in order to reveal how it was prepared or how it may have been modified.
Training and Qualifications of a Forensic Document Examiner.
forensic ink dating
Ink Dating is done in two primary forms. The first ink dating method is the static approach, which determines when the ink being examined was manufactured. The second ink dating method is the dynamic approach, this method is to determine when the writing occurred, or in simple terms, how long the ink has been on the paper.
In forensic science , questioned document examination QDE is the examination of documents potentially disputed in a court of law. Its primary purpose is to provide evidence about a suspicious or questionable document using scientific processes and methods. Evidence might include alterations, the chain of possession, damage to the document, forgery, origin, authenticity, or other questions that come up when a document is challenged in court.
Many QD examinations involve a comparison of the questioned document, or components of the document, to a set of known standards. The most common type of examination involves handwriting wherein the examiner tries to address concerns about potential authorship. A document examiner is often asked to determine if a questioned item originated from the same source as the known item s , then present their opinion on the matter in court as an expert witness.
Other common tasks include determining what has happened to a document, determining when a document was produced, or deciphering information on the document that has been obscured, obliterated, or erased. The discipline is known by many names including ‘forensic document examination’, ‘document examination’, ‘ diplomatics ‘, ‘handwriting examination’, or sometimes ‘handwriting analysis’, although the latter term is not often used as it may be confused with graphology.
Likewise a forensic document examiner FDE is not to be confused with a graphologist, and vice versa. Many FDEs receive extensive training in all of the aspects of the discipline. As a result, they are competent to address a wide variety of questions about document evidence. However, this “broad specialization” approach has not been universally adopted. In such cases, the former term refers to examiners who focus on non-handwriting examination types while the latter refers to those trained exclusively to do handwriting examinations.
Even in places where the more general meaning is common, such as North America or Australia, there are many individuals who have specialized training only in relatively limited areas.
Questioned document examination
Examinations are conducted to determine the manner in which a document was prepared, by whom it was executed, when it was prepared and if changes have occurred since its production. Our areas of expertise cover:. A high standard of professional service is maintained using a modern and fully equipped document laboratory. A wide variety of documents are routinely submitted to our laboratory for analysis on equipment including the: Wild Leitz binocular stereomicroscope used in conjunction with a Volpi Intralux fibre optic light source for the examination of all documents under relatively low magnification in the range of 6x to 40x.
This equipment is routinely used in handwriting and signature examinations. Using this process allows for the accurate discrimination of ink formulas and reduces the possibility of false matches of ink samples from different sources or incorrect differentiation of ink samples with a common origin.
Presented a paper on Ink Dating, Relative & Absolute: New Approaches to Old Problems. Testified on July 22, before the House Judiciary Committee.
To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Questioned document and forensic examination forensic series, James Kor. Questioned document and forensic examination. Forensic science has become valuable in contemporary times due largely to the sophistication witnessed in the perpetration of crime across the world.
Forensic science may be broadly defined as that scientific discipline which is directed toward recognition, identification, individualisation and evaluation of physical evidence by the application of the principles and methods of science for the purpose of administration of justice. It is the deployment or utilization of scientific proceedures, methodology, knowledge, etc, for prosecution.
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Title: Speckin Forensic Laboratories, Author: erich 4n6, Length: 2 pages, If you are in need of fingerprints crime scene, forensic handwriting analysis and ink dating, then Our examiners are specialists not only in the area of signatures and.
Please locate the document examination expert witness you are looking for by clicking on the following links. The document examiners found through this page may advise regarding signature verification, and writer identification. These document examination experts may provide reports concerning altered documents, signature authentication, questioned documents, and forensic document examination. Consultants found here may also provide expert witness testimony on issues including signatures, anonymous writings, wills, checks, contracts, forgeries, age and date determination, deeds, medical records, notaries, original documents, and paper comparison, as well as related topics.
You may limit your search for Document Examination expert witnesses to a specific area by selecting a state from the drop down box. Featured Experts. Document examinations are provided in the following areas: handwriting, typewriter, photocopies, Robert Lesnevich, B.
Speckin Forensic Laboratories
The need to answer questions about documents has existed since the earliest days of civilisation! Documents include not only those of the familiar paper form but may include other items and materials that can bear information. Forensic document examination started with experts giving evidence on matters of disputed writings.
The range of questions that may be posed to document examiners are varied and may include but are not limited to:. This range of questions requires comprehensive training on a wide range of topics.
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